Paris Agreement Human Rights
However, despite their efforts to adopt all the rules in December, the parties failed to agree on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement instead of making a decision on a future COP. Over the next two weeks, the contracting parties will meet in Bonn to make progress on the implementation of Article 6. Ciel is also present and advocates for Article 6 to respect, protect and promote human rights, as this is the last opportunity to strengthen the regulatory framework to ensure that it respects the Paris promise. Knox recalled that the governments of the Human Rights Council had unanimously agreed that human rights obligations and principles could strengthen climate policy by promoting consistency, legitimacy and sustainable outcomes. In 2012, the UN Human Rights Council appointed Professor John Knox as an independent expert and in 2015 appointed him as Special Rapporteur on the issue of human rights obligations to enjoy a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment. The Council asked Mr. Knox, a professor of international law at Wake Forest University in the United States, to clarify the application of human rights standards to environmental protection and to identify best practices in the application of human rights obligations in environmental policy. Read more, visit: www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Environment/SREnvironment/Pages/SRenvironmentIndex.aspx In Katowice, the main obstacles to an agreement were differences in the management of dual accounts (sp.: several countries with the same reductions on their own mitigation targets) and what the transition of the CDM would mean for countries that had accumulated excess emission credits and wanted them to be covered by the new mechanism. Many of the surpluses represent emission reductions that would have occurred anyway, which could undermine ambition and reduce overall reductions at a time when we need to increase our ambition to stay below 1.5 degrees. 102 Chuffart, S and Viéuales, J in Riedel, E, Giacca, G and Golay, C (Eds), Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in International Law (Oxford 2014) 287-95. “The Paris Agreement is essential for the protection of the human rights of present and future generations in all countries of the world. The agreement should recognise this fact,” concluded the Special Rapporteur.
An earlier version of this article was given at a conference on human rights and sustainable development held in Bonn in May 2017. I thank Dr Annalisa Savaresi and Mr Navraj Ghaleigh for their support on several points. 68 See Rajamani, ibid. Unlike the 1988 UN Convention Against Illicit Drug Trafficking, Article 14, paragraph 2, which provides in part that “each contracting party takes appropriate measures to prevent illegal cultivation… The measures taken are respectful of fundamental human rights… The 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change is relevant to human rights, not to what it says about human rights – which is almost nothing – but to what it says about the need to address the risk of climate change, which takes global temperatures above 1.5 or 2 degrees Celsius. The agreement could work or it could fail by far, but those who want to influence the outcome can still do so. The human rights community is one of them. How should UN human rights institutions respond, given that climate change clearly poses a threat to human rights? Should they use their existing supervisory powers to draw attention to how States Parties implement (or fail to comply with) commitments made in the Paris Convention? Or should they recognize the right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment? These two decisions would make an important contribution to the debate on human rights and climate change and give humanity as a whole a voice that is currently hardly heard. For your news sites and social media: important information about our press releases is available on the social networks of the services